Upholstery Spot Cleaning Tips For An Unknown Stain

by Chris
(NY, NY)

Here are several tips and tricks for removing upholstery spots and stains.

First, Chris asked a question about removing a mystery stain from an upholstered ottoman.

Chris's Question:

I got a small stain on our brand new linen/cotton upholstered ottoman. I don't know what the stain is...some sort of liquid dripped on it...could be grease or coffee or baby formula or sweat...I'm not sure!

Anyway, the care instructions for the fabric are "dry clean only." But obviously I can't dry clean an upholstered piece of furniture- the fabric isn't removable. The fabric is 70% linen 30% cotton.

Do you have any advice on how to handle this? Do I need to contact a professional cleaning company? Is there something I can do at home?

I already blotted the stain with a damp cloth but it did nothing. Thanks!

Taylor's Answer:

Chris, I hate mystery stains! Unfortunately they are very common.

I would first start by reading my article on how to remove stains when you don't know what they are.

Of course, you've already done the first step, which is to look at the care tags for your upholstery to determine how it should be cleaned. I am assuming it provided a "S" code based on your description that you said it should be dry cleaned only.

I understand your confusion when it says this, since you are imagining taking it to a dry cleaners like you would a dirty shirt. However, what that terms means is that you should not use a water-based solvent to clean it, unless the tag has the
code "WS" which means you can use either water-based or solvent-based cleaners on the upholstery. If it is dry clean only, then you should only use dry cleaning solvent, or some non-water based solvent which may still be in liquid form, but is "dry" because it does not contain water.

I've given more detailed directions for upholstery dry cleaning here, including suggested dry upholstery cleaners you can use (my favorite of which is Guardsman Dry Cleaning Fluid.)

Dry Cleaner Solvent {Referral Links}

Basically, to answer your question, you can try using a dry upholstery cleaner on the spot, but always test first in an inconspicuous location to make sure it does not harm the upholstery. My motto is that if it is too precious to ruin don't try it on your own, but instead call a professional!

Upholstery spot cleaning is actually a lot easier when you are allowed to use water-based solvents, because then you can use a more readily found upholstery cleaner, or even make your own homemade upholstery cleaner.

With either dry cleaning or water based methods make sure you get the upholstery only as wet as possible to remove the spot or stain, and not wetter, blot, not rub the spot, and let it dry thoroughly!

I hope these tips help you with your small upholstery stain!

I answered this question as part of the site where I provide stain removal help. You can ask your own questions, or check out what I've already answered!

In addition, you can share your own upholstery cleaning tips here, or read even more tips already submitted (including the one below which was submitted by Judy).

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How To Remove Many Types Of Upholstery Spots & Stains

by SewGirlJudy
(Lovely Columbiaville, MI)

SewGirlJudy says:

When you get a spot or spill on your upholstered furniture the first thing you need to do is assess what the stain is, which helps you decide what you're going to clean it up with.

First try using a product that matches the stain if it is compatible with the fabric. For instance wine and mustard should have white vinegar.

Rubbing alcohol is pretty much an all purpose cleaner.

It is usually quite successful when used as a first line of treatment on a stain, followed by other methods described. Consider what it does for oily skin.

The exception here would be for vinegar based stains.

Lipstick or other oily substances should have alcohol; rubbing alcohol is cheaper than vodka and leaves fewer trace elements behind.

I have also had success with orange oil based cleaners on these stains.

For sticky things like stickers, tape residue and gum, I use orange oil followed by alcohol.

For sugary things you may have to break down and use water. Just water and blot, rinse, blot repeatedly. See below.

Food coloring stains such as orange soda and kool-aid type drinks can be removed fairly well with an oxygen bleach solution if treated immediately. Rinse and blot repeatedly as below.

Biz is wonderful for dirt. So is ammonia water, little ammonia lot of water. Follow with a vinegar rinse and blot repeatedly with plain water.

I use a LOT of white cloths with a pour and blot method, with slight agitation or tamping of the area with a natural bristle brush and more pour and blot.

Always ALWAYS follow with dry cloth blotting, and a weight on a dry cloth will help pull the cleaner out.

When the side or back is involved, you may have to lay the furniture on its side or back for a thorough blot with a weight. This avoids the water ring that forms as it dries. : )

Taylor says:

Thanks so much for these wonderful tips on how to remove many different types of upholstery spots and stains Judy!

You can see even more tips for cleaning various types of spills from upholstery in the A-Z Stain Removal Guide, where I've written more than 100 different articles about various types of stains.

I'd also love to hear your tips and tricks for cleaning upholstery. You can submit your own tips here and I'll add them to the site, or check out more that have already been submitted!

Related Links On This Site

Stain Removal Tips & Tricks For Busy Moms

How To Clean Upholstery

Adhesive Removal Product Reviews

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Comments for How To Remove Many Types Of Upholstery Spots & Stains

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Water stains
by: Sharon

My couch is just 1 yr old. I tried spot cleaning it and it leaves a water ring. Please help, I'm confused on what to use. Thank you.

body stains
by: Jo

I just purchased a used armchair (wing back) and there are stains on the arm, seat and lift up leg rest. Just rather grayish, no specific stain. 'Lots of use' stains I guess you could call them. Is there anything specific for 'age' stains? The chair is a S fabric chair.

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Hi, I'm Taylor, a busy mom with 3 kids, so I have lots of hands on experience with house cleaning, laundry and my fair share of spots, spills and other messy catastrophes. Thanks for visiting my site.

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CAUTION: This website is provided for informational purposes only. It is provided as is, without warranties or guarantees. Some stains and messes just won't come out, and are permanent. Further, some cleaning methods can harm your item, so if what you want to clean or launder is sentimental or expensive call a professional. See disclaimer of liability for more information.